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The Golden Age of Comic Books (1938-1954) was the period in comics history kicked off by the publication of Superman's debut in Action Comics #1 in 1938 and the subsequent explosion of periodical comic books in the United States. The early Golden Age is characterized by the predominance of superheroes and other action heroes, peaking during World War II. This was followed by rise of other genres (such as romance, crime, horror, and teen comedy) and the decline of superheroes. The Golden Age declined after the industry and medium was scapegoated by Dr. Frederic Wertham and other moral crusaders for juvenile delinquency, leading to the creation of the Comics Code Authority in September 1954, starting the Silver Age.